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In this guide you will find information on how to reference the following sources using Harvard

The Harvard referencing system is not a cohesive system but can differentiate when it comes to certain details. 

The Harvard system consists of two parts, one being the in-text referencing, and the other a complete bibliographic reference of the sources you used; the reference list.

In-text citations

When there are two or three authors you write  & between the names within the brackets e.g. (Svensson & Jansson, 2021), but if the namnes are written outside the brackets you are supposed to write the actual word and : Svensson and Jansson (2021) ...

Source without a date

Use the abbreviation n.d. (no date) for a web site without data/year

In text: (Johnson, n.d.)

In reference list: Johnson, P. (n.d.). 

Several sources say the same thing 

Janson, 2019 and Pearson, 2020 share opinions. Then you write:

...(Janson, 2019; Pearson, 2020)


Entries with the same author(s) and year of publication

In some rare cases, you may need to reference two different sources that have the same author and the same year of publication.

The entries should be ordered alphabetically, according to the first word of the title (aside from “a,” “an,” or “the”). Then add a lower-case letter (“a,” “b,” and so on) after the year to distinguish them.