One of the basic prerequisites of science is openness, which means that everyone can participate in the research work based on their own conditions, both within the research community and together with citizens and decision-makers.
Open science can be said to be a strategy for renewing research and providing new tools for collaboration so that the various parts of the research process develop faster and are opened up to the outside world. It can, for example, be about providing open access to scientific publications and data through digital technology, which can increase public engagement, facilitate research communication and expand the possibilities for evidence-based political decision-making. Another advantage is that possible errors can be corrected more easily and unnecessary duplication of work can thereby be avoided.
For science in society, open access to research results and research data means that the research can reach out, arouse interest and have greater impact.
Open access (often called Open Access) can be said to be a subsection of open science and means free access to research results on the internet, i.e. anyone can read, cite, download and print scientific articles free of charge.
Research data is an important part of research. Therefore, data must be handled correctly, preserved long-term and made openly available.
Today, the proportion of research financiers who work to make research data openly available and to preserve it in the long term is increasing. However, not all research data can be made openly available and assessment must be made in individual cases. However, the basic principle is that research data should be available as far as possible.